The 60/40 compensation for Bulgarian employers during the Covid-19 state of emergency as at 09.04.2020
The 60/40 compensation for Bulgarian employers during the Covid-19 state of emergency as at 09.04.2020

In response to the COVID-19 spread in Bulgaria the National Assembly announced state of emergency as from 13 March 2020 (the “State of Emergency”). As part of the measures and interventions, incorporated in the new Law on the Measures and Actions during State of Emergency, Announced with a Decision of the NationalAssembly on 13 March 2020, the Bulgarian Government just finalized the terms and conditions for financial compensation of the Bulgarian employers during the State of Emergency1.Below is a short summary of the criteria and the terms and conditions for receiving the so-called “60/40 Compensation”.

The types of businesses eligible for the compensation are dividedin two main categories:

1. Directly Affected Employers

This means employers who issued an order for stoppage of work of the entire enterprise or part of it as a direct result of the measures imposed by the state during the State of Emergency.

The list of these affected businesses is attached herein and is exhaustive.Itis based on the economic activity of the employer as registered and declared before the authorities.

NB:Your accountants may confirm under which code of activity your business is registered.

In order these employers to receive the compensation,they should meet the followingcriteria:
(i) have issued a formal order for stoppage of the work of the entire enterprise (e.g. a restaurant) or part of it (e.g. only shops which are located in shopping malls)due to the State of Emergency measures imposed;
(ii) is localphysical or legal entity or a foreign legal entityhaving business activity in Bulgaria;
(iii) apply for compensations only for employees insured for the economical activities under Attachment 1(in case the employer process few different activities);
(iv) have no outstanding state or local tax or social security obligationsunder Art. 162, Para 2, Item 1 of the Tax and Social Security Procedural Code(except for such divided in instalments, postponed or secured);
(v) are not declared insolvent or are not in liquidationor insolvency proceeding;
(vi) keep the employment of the employees for which the company received compensation at least for a period equal to the period of receiving compensation;
(vii) do not terminate any employment contracts due to partial closure of the enterprise, staff reduction, decrease of the volume of workorstoppage of the work for more than 15 working days;and(viii)have no violations of Art. Art. 61, Para 1, Art. 62, Para 1 or 3, Art. 63, Para 1 or 2, Art. 118, Art. 128, Art. 228, Para 3, Art. 245 and Art. 301 -305 of the Labor Code or Art. 13, Para 1 of the Labor Migration and Labor Mobility Act within 6 months prior to the issuance of the order for stoppage of the work(as establishedby a penal decreeentered into forceor court decision).

2. Other Employers

Any other employers may apply for compensation, if they have issued an order for:

(i) stoppage of the work based on their own decision not due to the measures during the State of Emergency (on the grounds of the new Art. 120в, Para 1 of the Labour Code) or

(ii) Imposing part time work of all or part of the employees due to the State of Emergency (on the grounds of the new Art. 138a, Para 2 of the LC).


meet the following criteria:

(iii) do not have economic activity in sectorA, K, O, P, Q, T and U under the Classification of the Economic Activities (in Bulgarian: КИД-2008);

NB: Your accountants may confirm under which sector your activities are announced before the authorities.

(iv) comply withall of the criteria under Item 1(iv)-(viii) above;
(v) have declared (and may prove) minimum 20% decrease of the income from sales for the month precedingthesubmission of theapplication for compensation compared to:

  • the same month of 2019–for companiesestablished before 1stof March 2019; and
  • the average income for January and February 2020 –for companies established after 1stof March 2019.


This represents a temporary compensation –for the period of the State of Emergency but for not more than three months.

The compensation is paid by the state to the applying employerfor the purposes of keeping occupation of the employees.

The total due employment remuneration isto be paid by the employer to the employees(no payment from the state to the employees is made).

If any of the circumstances declared or proved for the purposes of the compensation is not true, the compensation is to be paid back.

If the employer does not pay the rest of the total due remuneration,the compensation is to be paid back.


  • Employed after 13.03.2020;
  • Using sick leave, maternity or parental leave;
  • For which the employer receives financing for remuneration and social security from the state budget, European funds or other public funds.


The compensation is in the amount of 60% of the declared social security income for January 2020 for each employee falling within the applicable criteria. This means that the compensation is capped to 60% of the maximum social security threshold of BGN 3,000. Thus, if an employee receives higher salary, the compensation will not cover 60% of it in total and the employer still owes the total agreed remuneration.

In case of part-time work imposed, the amount of the compensation is payable pro-rata the not-worked time but for not more than four hours.

After a change of the law the state compensation now will include also the social security instalments due by the employer.

Further, Decree No. 55/30.03.2020 of the Council of Ministers lists all rules for determinationof the social security income for January 2020 in case of absenceduring this month.


The information for the order, terms, documents, templatesand applicable procedure for applying for compensation is available on the web page of the Employment Agency.

NB: For now, the Labour Office Directorates will acceptapplications until 21.04.2020.

©2020 Dinova Rusev & Partners Law Office

All rights reserved. Any distribution or reproduction of part or all of the contents in any form is prohibited without prior express consent of Dinova Rusev & Partners Law Office.

This material represents a general overview of the recent developments in the discussed Bulgarian legislation as of the date indicated herein. Nothing in this legal alert is intended to provide legal or other professional advice. You should not rely on anyinformation herein as if it were legal or other professional advice. Legal advice can be provided only after thorough analysis of the specific facts and circumstances of your case, as well as consideration of issues that may not be addressed in this material.

Dinova Rusev & Partners Law Office does not accept any liability for losses to any person or entity, acting or refraining from action as a result of this publication.

For more information please contact:

Anelia Dinova –Managing Partner

Vesela Kabatliyska –Partner

P: +359 (0)2943 4350 / F: +359 (0)2944 1508

1 Decree No. 55 dated 30.03.2020 of the Council of Ministers for Stipulating the Terms and Conditions for Payment of Compensation to Employers for the Purposes of Keeping the Occupation of the Employeeduring the State of Emergency Announced with Decisionofthe National Assembly on 13.03.2020

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